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Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Prevention and Control Feline Leukemia for Cat

By Aaheroe M

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) remains one of the most important causes of disease and death in cats. It causes a variety of malignancies, but persistent infection can also cause severe immunosuppression and profound anemia. The virus is present worldwide.
Prevention and Control: A test and removal program to rid catteries and multicat households of FeLV can be extremely effective if these guidelines are carefully followed:

1) All cats should be tested for FeLV viremia (IFA is best).

2) All viremic cats should be removed.

3) All dishes, litterpans, and bedding should be disinfected.

4) All movement of cats in and out of the cattery should be prevented.

5) All cats should be retested after 12 weeks to detect cats that may have been incubating the virus at the time of the first test.

6) The quarantine can be lifted when all cats have tested negative on two consecutive occasions, 12 weeks apart.

7) All cats should be tested and quarantined before introduction to the cattery. Ideally, two tests 12 wk apart should be done.

8) Breeding should be only to cats known to be FeLV-negative, and cats should be introduced only from FeLV-negative colonies.

FeLV vaccines are intended to protect cats against FeLV infection or, at least, to prevent persistent viremia. Types of vaccines include killed whole virus, subunit, and genetically engineered. Vaccines may vary in protective effect, and manufacturers' claims and independent comparative studies should be carefully noted. The following guidelines for vaccine use have been recommended:

1) Only healthy, afebrile (no fevers) cats should be vaccinated.

2) Cats from a high-risk or unknown background should be tested for FeLV before vaccination.

3) All cats at risk of exposure to FeLV should be vaccinated.

4) Positive and Negative cats should be kept separated, even if the negative cats have been vaccinated.

1 comment:

  1. Our vet informed us years ago that this particular vaccine is only recommend for cats for cats that interact with other cats, like multi cat household, outdoor cats, cat's in shelter,or cat's in boarding. I think that sometimes pets are overly vaccinated, it's important to get the basic vaccines, but for all the extra's I think that should be based on how likely your cat is going to come in contact with that virus. If your cat is an outdoor cat or you sometimes place your cat in boarding they should definetely get all the basic and additional shots, you never know what kind of virus their going to come in contact with. Here's a good article on cat vaccines. http://www.cat-health-101.com/cat-vaccines.html


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